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What is Makar Sankranti?
Makar Sankranti (also called Maghe Sankranti in Nepal, Maghi Parba in Maithili) is a common festival celebrated in South Asia. Makar Sankranti is observed across India, Nepal, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, and Bhutan, etc. On this day, people eat fruits, Sel Roti san Newar community from Nepal prepare Ghyu-Chaku.
When is Makar Sankranti in 2023?
Makar Sankranti in 2023 is the 15th of January Sunday. The date of the Makar Sankranti varies from year to year.
Makar Sankranti History
Sankranti is originated from the Sanskrit word which means transmigration of the sun from one Rashi to another Rashi. That means Sun moves from Dhanu Rashi into the Makara Rashi as per the Hindu calendar.
Sankranti is deemed a Deity and named after the goddess. According to history, a legend Sankranti killed a Sankarasur who was a devil. The next day of Sankranti is called Karidin (also known as Kinkrant). On this day, Devi slayed the devil Kinkarasur. The Panchang is the Hindu Almanac that provides information about the Sankranti in terms of age, form, clothing, direction, and movement.
Makar Sankranti is celebrated all across the country and it is known by various names, such as Pedda Pandaga in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Telangana, Magh Bihu in Assam, Sukarat in central India, and Pongal in Tamil Nadu. Check out the table below-
Makar Sankranti is observed across all India with different names.
- Makar Sankranti or Sankranti – Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Goa, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Orissa, Sikkim, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal, and West Bengal.
- Uttarayan- Gujarat, and Rajasthan
- Maghi – Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, and Punjab
- Pongal – Tamil Nadu
- Magh Bihu or Bhogali Bihu – Assam Valley
- Shishur Saenkraat – Kashmir Valley
- Makara Vilakku Festival – Sabarimala Temple (Kerala)