Essay on Maghe Sankranti Festival – 800+ Words
Maghe Sakranti is a festival Nepali Hindu community is celebrates the auspicious Maghe Sankranti with fervor across the country on the month of Magh (January), usually early-mid January (14). This festival denotes the beginning of Magh. Its significance is to welcome the longer days (summer) after the cold winters. This festival is also celebrated mainly by the Tharu community. It is not only limited to that, it is the custom and tradition of all the Nepalese society which comes throughout the year. It is also known as Makar Sankranti and is very popular among the people of the Tharu community. It is the biggest festival of the people of the Tharu community.
On this day (Jan 14) is the development of the sun from one zodiac sign into another which is called Sankranti and as the Sun moves into the Capricorn zodiacal sign known as Makar, hence being known as Makar (Maghe in other terms) Sankranti. Maghe Sankranti is viewed as denoting the start of a propitious stage in Nepalese culture. It is referred to as the ‘sacred period of change’. It denotes the finish of an ominous stage which as indicated by the Hindu schedule starts around mid-December. It is accepted that any promising and hallowed custom can be blessed in any Nepali family, this day onwards. Sankranti marks the end of the winter season and the start of another collect or spring season.
People believe the sun is the symbol of power, divinity, and wisdom hence they worship it on this day. On this day, people take baths in the morning (Makar Snan) which is supposed to be holy, in rivers. This bath is generally performed in Triveni (the point where three rivers meet). On this auspicious day, fairs are held at the bank of rivers in certain areas. Kali Gandaki and Trishuli waterways at Dev Ghat (close Narayangath) in Tanahu are popular for such a reason. The Kankai River in Jhapa is acclaimed for a holly plunge for Makar Snan. Individuals even from India come to Devghat and the Kankai waterway to scrub down during Maghe Sankranti. There is a convention to venerate Ajima Mata (a group of goddesses of Newari people) and Rato Machendranath (chariot procession)after the shower. This festival even though observed by mostly all people of Nepal, plays a more significance in a role to Tharus. This is the biggest festival of the Tharu.
On this special day, The celebrations are planned on a grand scale beginning with the traditional #bullfight, as every year. Marking the festival day, the country is going to see exciting bullfighting events across different areas. The bullfighting event will be seen in Nuwakot and Dhading districts, adjoining the Kathmandu valley, as the major highlight of the Maghe Sankranti celebrations in Nepal. Hundreds of public come to see this joyful event in Taruka village of Nuwakot district. Not only that but we can also see Tharu and Magar women in their ethnic dress in the stripes of plain white and black.
Marking the celebration as the start of New Year, Nepal’s Tharu community people will also visit Kathmandu Valley’s open ground Tundikhel (to commemorate Maghe Sankranti, the community’s biggest festival). They have a great festival of Maghi beginning from the last seven day stretch of the period of Paush to 3 of Magh. Tharu people group observe Maghi as the New year. This is the best day for Tharu individuals where their family and family members assemble and commend their new year by moving, playing out their own culture, singing, playing different diversion games. This is basically Dashain for the Tharu people.
Maghe Sankranti has its legend. A Merchant of Bhadgaun (presently Baktapur) was doing a decent business. He had a great offer of sesame, yet the stock never ran out. He looked for the hint. Cleaning the store he found the Idol of Lord Vishnu down underneath the seeds. At that point after the Idol is being venerated as Til Madhav Idol. It is thought loving the symbol would bring the flexibility of food, thriving, and riches to Bhaktapur.
For the festival, Tharus seem busy purchasing pigs, boars, ducks, and hens to celebrate Maghi. They make liquor at home for this occasion. Rich Tharus buy their own pigs and boars to eat and cut it at their homes. Economically tight ones come together to buy one jointly. Tharus perform several traditional cultural shows in Maghi. The food we eat on the day of Maghi is also very popular. The food is based on the beliefs of Surya (sun). The foodstuffs include Till ko laddu (Brown Sesame seed Fudge), Chakku (Molasys), Ghee (Clarified Butter), Tilauri. Spinach and Yam’s curry is cooked as Maghe Shankranti’s special food. A special type of Spinich called Patne Palungo specially grown in Nepal and yam (the yam is Tarul in Nepali). They are said to provide warmth and energy to the body to function properly.
Hence this festival carries great significance to the people of Nepal. It welcomes the summer and the growth of crops and grains. People enjoy this day with great rejoice and zeal.